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Full text of ' 1 - H FROM THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS ^: 2. 37 351 ^UP^hf^l. ■ g 506 Rev. Stat, prohibits 'the withdrawal of this book for home use. Cornell University Library VK391.I6 U59 1909 + International code of signals. 3 1924 030 898 HI olln Overs r^ Cornell University Library The original of this book is in the Cornell University Library. There are no known copyright restrictions in the United States on the use of the text.
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NAT I O N AL COLO R S WORN BT UNITED STATES VESSELS.i:.■.■. UTSrON JACK. HE Noir^is pcrens co., viAam fUkToti. I '^■ (-jvJl, ftotAJti ^V I'hiidiL. 87 International Code of Signals American Edition PUBLISHED BY THE HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.Ml, ' ^^ Washington: Government Printing Office: 1909 ^ / INTRODUCTION. The International Code of Signals consists of twenty-six flags — one for each letter of the alphabet — and a, Code Pennant. Urgent and important signals are two-flag signals.
General signals are three-flag signals. Geographical, Alphabetical Spelling Tables, and Vessels' Numbers are four-flag signals.
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The book is divided into three parts. The first part contains urgent and important signals and all the tables of money, weights, barometric heights, etc., together with a geographical list and a table of phrases formed with the auxiliary verbs. The second part is an index. It consists of a general vocabulary and a geographical indpx. It is arranged alphabetically.
The third part gives lists of the United States storm-warning, life-saving, time- signal, and wireless telegraph stations, and of Lloyd's signal stations of the world. It also contains semaphore and distant signal codes and' the United States Army and Navy and Morse Wigwag Codes. (3) CONTENTS. National colors worn by United States vessels ' Frontispiece Flags of the principal maritime countries Plate II Flags and pennants of the International Code (Front and rear) Plate III Meanings of the flags and pennants of the International Code when hoisted singly with the Cede Pennant 7 Signals of distress 7 Signals for pilots 8 PART I. Instructions in signaling, including how to make alphabetical spelling signals 11 Alphabetical Spelling Table (alternative method of spelling words)— four flags, CBDF to CZYX 15 Numeral signals and how to make them 32 Nimieral table (alternative method of making numeral signals) — Code Pennant under UA to Code Pennant under ZY 33 Decimals and fractions — BOO to BDZ., 34 Signals to be used only between vessels towing and being towed 35 URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. Flags AB to ZY 36 Compass table in degrees — ABC to AQC 45 Compass table in points and half points — AQD to AST 46 United States and foreign moneys — ASU to AV.T, 47 United States and foreign measures and weights — AVK to BCN 51 List of countries in which the metric system is used 55 Table for converting metrical measures and weights into their equivalents 55 Latitude and longitude — Code Pennant over AB to Code Pennant over KP 56 Divisions of time and of latitude and longitude — Code Pennant over KQ to Code Pennant over QL. 58 Barometer in inches and millimeters — Code Pennant over QM to Code Pennant over TS 59 Thermometer according to the Fahrenheit, Centigrade, and Reaumur systems — Code Pennant over TU to Code Pennant over ZY 60 ATJXIMARY PHRASES.
Phrases formed with auxiliary verbs — REA to CWT 62 GEOGHAPHICAL UST. Names of places arranged according to their geographical position, showing International Code, time, weather, life-saving, Lloyd's, and wireless telegraph signal stations of the world — ABCD to BFAU.
General vocabulary— CXA to ZNP 143 Geographical index (names of places arranged in alphabetical order) — ABCD to BFAU 452 (5) 6 CONTENTS. Storm-warning display stations of the United States 505 Time signals of the United States 509 United States naval wireless telegraph stations 512 Life-saving districts and stations of the United States 515 Lloyd's signal stations of the world 522 Distant signals — (o) Fixed semaphore for coast usp 527 (b) International Code Signals 528 (c) Special signals 531 Semaphores and semaphoring by hand flags — (o) British; 540 (6) French 542 United States Army and Navy Code 545 Morse code 547 FTJ»lGS of THi: PRINCIPAI. MAN'OF-WAR ARGENTINA.
GREAT BRITAIN. MERCHANT ARGENTINA. ROYAL NAVAL RESERVE. (with badge, home and colohial government departments.) HONDURAS. AUSTRIA— HUNGARY COSTA RICA. COLONIES, (WITH BADGE IN SOME CASESJ I TA LY. J^IARITIMl-: COUNTRIKS.
MERCHANT AUSTRIA— HUNGARY MAN-OF-WAR CHINA, MERCHANT CHINA COSTA RICA. GREAT BRITAIN. I HAITI JAPAN ^/V^^C DENMARK.
THE NORRIS PETEFfS-CO'. C FLAGS OF THE PRINC^IPAI.
MAN-OF-WAR ROUMANIA. COUNTRIES HA^TNG A C0MM0:N BRAZIL KOREA. ^^/.^^O ^t^ ♦ PORTUGAL., IN THE MERCHANT FLAG. FHE BADGE IS NEARER THE HOIST CHILE.
Cuba 4 MABITIME COLTSTTRIES. MERCHANT ROUMANIA. SANTO DOMINGO.
R AND MERCHANT FLA(i. I ECUADOR NETHERLANDS. URUGUAY!i i GENEVA CONVENTION. + THE NOnRIS PETERS CO.
WASHINCTOr O r. FIJ^GS OP THE PRTNCIFAL MARITIME COtTNTRIES. FEDERATED MALAY STATES, I Nommis rsTEnaco. C CODE FLAGS AND PENNANTS. PLATJE in INTEENATIONAL CODE OF SIGNALS.
MEANINGS OF FLAGS AND PENNANTS HOISTED SINGLY. B I am taking in (or, discharging) explosives. Kj —Yes, or, AfiBrmative.
— I have (or, have had) some dangerous infectious disease on board. —I am about to sail; all persons to report on board. —I have a clean bill of health, but am liable to quarantine. —I want a pilot.
MEANINGS OF FLAGS AND PENNANTS HOISTED WITH CODE FLAG. Code Flag over A —I am on full-speed trial.
' B — I am taking in (or, discharging) explosives. ' ' ' C — Yes,. (( ' D — No,.' ' E —Alphabetical Signal No. 1. ' F —Alphabetical Signal No.
2. ' ' G —Alphabetical Signal No. 3. ' H —Stop, Heave-to,. Come nearer; I have something important to communicate.
I —I have not a clean bill of health. Tt ' J — I have headway. (( ' K — I have stem-board.
' ' L —I have (or, have had) some dangerous infectious disease on board. ' M — Numeral Signal No. L.f '■.' ' N —Numeral Signal No 3. —Numeral Signal No.
3.- ' ' P — I am about to sail; all persons to report on board. ' ' Q —I have a clean bill of health, but am liable to quarantine.' ' R — Do not pass ahead of me. ' ' S — I want a pilot.
' T — Do not overtake me. U — My engines are stopped. ' ' V — My engines are going astern. ' w — Al boats are to return to the ship. (( ' X — I will pass ahead i f you.
' Y — All ships of the convoy are to rejoin company. 354.) - Z — I will pass astern of you.For instructions as to tlie use ol these Signals, see page 13.
TFor instructions as to the use oJ these Signals, see page 32. INTERNATIONAL CODE SIGNALS OF DISTRESS. (1) The International Code Signal of Distress indicated by NC; ■Z) The distant signal, consisting of a square flag, having either above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ball; (3) The distant signal, consisting of a cone point upward, having either above it or below it a ball or anything resembling a ball. For other signals of distress see article 31 of the International Rules to Prevent Collisions and article 31 of the Inland Rules to Prevent Collisions.
(7) SIGNALS OP DISTRESS. INTERNATIONAL CODE SIGNALS FOR A PILOT. (1) The International Code Pilot Signal indicated by PT; (2) Tlie International Code Flag S, with, or without the Code Pennant over it; (3) The distant signal, consisting of a oone point upward, having above it two balls or shapes resembling balls. INTERISTATIONAL CODE OP SIGNALS. PART L SIGNALS MADE BY FLAGS OF THE CODE. INSTEUCTIOITS HOW TO SIGNAL.
In the following instructions the ship making the signal is called A; the ship signaled to is called B. HOW TO MAKE A SIGNAL. Ship A, wishing to make a signal, hoists her Ensign with the Code Flag under it. If more than one vessel or signal station is in sight, and the signal is intended for a particular vessel or signal station, ship A should indicate'which vessel or signal station she is addressing hy making the distinguishing signal i. E., the signal letters) of the vessel or station with which she desires to communicate.
If the distinguishing signal is not known, ship A should make use of one of the signals DI to DQ page 37). When ship A has been answered hy the vessel she is addressing (see paragraph 9), she proceeds with tTie signal which she desires to make, first hauling down her Code Flag if it is required for making the signaL 5. Signals should always be hoisted where they can best be seen, and not necessarily at the masthead. Each hoist should be kept flying until ship B hoists her Answering Pennant 'close up' see paragraph 10). When ship A has finished signaling she hauls down her Ensign, and her Code Flag, if the latter has not already been hauled down see paragraph 4). When it is desired to make a signal it should be looked out in the General Vocabulary pages 143-451), which is the index to the Signal Book.
HOW TO AlfSWEK A SIGNAL. Ship B (the ship signaled to), on seeing the signal made by ship A, hoists her Answering Pennant at the ' ' die. ' A flag is at the 'dip' when it is hoisted about two-thirds of the way up, that is, some little distance below where it would be when hoisted 'close up.' ) The Answering Pennant should always be hoisted where it can best be seen.
When A's hoist has been taken in, looked out in the Signal Book, and is under- stood, B hoists her Answering Pennant 'close up' and keeps it there until. A hauls her hoist down.
B then lowers her Answering Pennant to the 'dip,' and waits for the next hoist. If the flags in A's hoist can not be made out, or if, when the flags are made out, the purport of the signal is not understood, B keeps her Answering Pennant at the 'dip' and hoists the signal OWL or WCX, or such other signal as may meet the case; and when A has repeated or rectified her signal, and B thoroughly understands it, B hoists her Answering Pennant 'close up.' (11) 12 INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL. NOTES ON SIGNALING. Plurals.— To facilitate the translation of the Code into foreign languages, the plurals of words given in the Signal Book have been omitted. The words should be regarded as being used in the singular, unless the contrary is indicated by the context.
When making Signals for comparing Chronometers (page 58) or show- ing the Mean Time vessel A is to hoist ±he signal denoting the hour seepage 58), and shortly after the signal has been answered by B dip it sharply to denote the precise instant used for comparison. The signals denoting the minutes and seconds shown by the chronometer at the instant of dipping are then to be hoisted. To insure accuracy, a second comparison should be made.
In signaling Longitude or Time vessels should always reckon from the meridian of Greenwich, except French and Spanish vessels, which will use the meridian of Paris or Cadiz, respectively. If any doubt is entertained, the vessel to which the signal is made should hoist NBL = 'What is your first meridian? Meridians.— The British Meridian is that of Greenwich. The Meridian of Paris (Observatory) is 2° 20' 15' east of Greenwich, or h. The Meridian of Cadiz (San Fernando Observatory) is 6° 12' 24' west of Greenwich, or h. Passing Vessels. — Ships passing one another or Signal Stations will do well to hoist the following signals in the order shown: (1) National Colors with the Code Signal under them.
The Ensign should be kept flying until all communication is ended; the Code Flag Tiiay be hauled down if it is required for making a signal.) (2) Ship's name (signal letters). (3) Where from.
(4) Where bound. (5) Number of days out.
(6) My longitude by chronometer is —. The ensign should be dipped and rehoisted as a farewell. When vessels are passing each other quickly, time will be saved if, instead of hoist- ing the Answering Pennant, they exchange signals in the following manner: On rea,ding A's name (that is, distinguishing signal), B should hoist hers. A should not haul down until she understands B's hoist, when both ships should haul down together and proceed in the order suggested above. Procedure when signaling Names and Addresses.— The following course is to be followed when making a signal which contains the ship's name and the owner's name and address: Ship A, wishing to obtain orders from her owner, will make — (1) Her distinguishing signal (signal letters). (2) The signal SW = I wish to obtain orders from my owner, Mr., at.
(3) The owner's name, by spelling it letter by letter see page 13) or by using the Alphabetical Spelling Table pages 14-15). (4) The owner's address, by spelling it letter by letter see page 13) or by using the Alphabetical Spelling Table pages 14-15). Signals from the Geo- graphical Table page 89) can also be used in some cases. Figures can be made by the Numeral Signals on page 32 or by the Numeral Table on page 33.
INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL. Ship A wishes to get orders from her owner (say), Mr. Thomson, at 25 Broad street, New York. Having hoisted her national colors with the Code Signal under them, she makes the following signals: 1st hoist, 3d hoist, 3d hoist, 4th hoist, 5th hoist, 6th hoist, 7th hoist, 8th hoist, 9th hoist, 10th hoist, 11th hoist, 12th hoist, 13th hoist, 14th hoist, 15th hoist. Her distinguishing signal (signal letters). S'W=Iivish to obtain orders from my owner, Mr., at. Code flag over E = T/ie signals which follow are alphabetical.
(Before this Hgnal is made the Code Flag under the Ensign may be hauled down.) c=o. Code Flag over F=Dot between initials. THOM) SON ) = Thomson.
Code Flag over M=!r/ie signal which follows is a numeral signul, and is to be looked out in the Numeral Table (page 33). Code Flag over 'Ei=The signals ivhich follow are alphabetical. BRO) AD =Broad.
Code Flag over Qt^The Alphabetical Signals are ended. AZOT =New Yorle. AliPHABETICAIi (SPELLIT^G) SIGNALS.
Under the arrangement explained below, every flag hoisted after Alphabetical Signal No. 1 has been made, and until Alphabetical Signal No. 3, or Numeral Signal No. 1 see page 33) is made, represents the letter of the alphabet which has been allotted to it in the Code.
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As each of the 26 letters of the alphabet is now represented by a flag, any word can be spelled by this system. If the word to be spelled consists of more than four letters, two or more hoists must be used, as no hoist is to contain more than four flags, and, if any letter occurs more than once in the word, this letter must on its second occurrence begin or be in a second hoist, and on its third occurrence must begin or be in a third hoist. The following are the signals to be used: Signal. Meaning, Code Flag over Flag E.
CoDE Flag over Flag F- CoDB Flag over Flag G. Alphabetical Signal No. 1, indicating that the flags hoisted after it until Alphabetical Signal'No. 3 or Numeral Signal No.
1 is made do not represent the signals in the Code, but are to be understood as having their alphabetical meanings and express individual letters of the alphabet which are to f oim words. Alphabetical Signal No.
3, indicating the end of a word made by Alphabetical Signals, or dot between initials. Alphabetical Signal No. 3, indicating that the Alphabetical Signals are ended; the signals which follow are to be looked out in the Code in the usual manner. 14 INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL.
To spell 'William J. Perry:' 1st hoist, Code Flag over E=r/ie signals which follow are alphabetical.
WIL LIAM' Code Flag over F=End of the word (also means dot between initials) 3=J. Code Flag over ¥=Dot between initials (also means end of the word). PER RY. Code Flag over Oi= Alphabetical Signals are ended. An alternative method of spelling words is provided by the Alphabetical Spelling Table on page 15. 3d hoist, 3d hoist, 4th hoist, 5th hoist, 6th hoist, 7th hoist, 8th hoist, 9th hoist.
ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. This Table can be used, in communications between Vessels of all Countries employing the Soman characters, A, B, C, etc. See also page 13 for alternative system of making Alphabetical Signals.